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Chick-News.com Poultry Industry News, Comments and more by Simon M. Shane

Antibiotic Use in the Netherlands

07/03/2019

Researchers at the State Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) recently published a report on antibiotic use in livestock in the Netherlands covering 2018*. The 248 page document entitled NethMap 2019 combined with MARAN 2019 quantifies antibiotic use and also the incidence of emerging antibiotic resistance.

The report noted the importance of drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae. This organism was responsible for a number of outbreaks of nosocomial infections including fatalities at an NIH referral hospital in Bethesda, MD in 2013.                           .

The report noted that antibiotics prescribed for livestock remained constant in 2018 compared to the previous year. There was a 63 percent reduction in the total quantity of antibiotics used compared to the reference year of 2009. Following the pattern of U.S. restrictions, antibiotics of human health significance are only sparingly used in livestock. In contrast, antibiotic use in hospitals in the Netherlands is increasing.

The Dutch has been active in establishing “regional care networks” which among other functions encourage cooperation between veterinarians and physicians to minimize the potential risk of transmission of drug-resistant organisms from farms to medical facilities.

We await with anticipation a similar comprehensive report within a year of the reporting period, quantifying antibiotic use in livestock, companion animals and the human population in relation to data on drug resistance following introduction on restrictions on antibiotic administration to poultry, swine and ruminants.

deGreef, et al NethMap 2019: Consumption of antimicrobial agents and antimicrobial resistance among medically important bacteria in the Netherlands/MARAN 2019: Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic usage in animals in the Netherlands in 2018 (2019) Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu.  


 
Copyright 2019 Simon M. Shane